Cutting tools come in many varieties, from stationary to portable equipment. Different saws and blades are designed for different types of cuts for different materials, shapes, and sizes. A vertical band saw is typically used for precision curves and straight cuts. Meanwhile, a horizontal saw is often used to cut long stock, such as tubing material.
A horizontal saw has three main controls: cutting, lowering, and emergency stop. The horizontal blade is encased in a top cover that opens up and can be held in place by hydraulic technology. Coolant runs through the system to keep the blade from overheating, providing an extra measure of safety. Essentially, the stock remains stationary while the cutting head moves horizontally.
After the blade makes the horizontal cut, the saw automatically shuts off, triggered by a switch trip, a safety feature that reduces the risk of injuries. Various versions of both manual and semi-automatic horizontal saws are optimized for different project sizes. Semi-automatic band saws are favored for fast turnaround times, since their control blade speed and hydraulic downfeed rate provide better precision.
Band saws use long metal loops for blades to allow for continuous cutting on either a horizontal or vertical band saw. The blade moves between a pair of wheels or pulleys. One wheel remains in a fixed position as it powers the saw, while the other wheel tightens or loosens the blade. The horizontal band saw is much more versatile than a vertical band saw, which is why it's common in modern workshops.
One of the primary differences between horizontal and vertical band saws is that a horizontal machine does the cutting for you. First, you clamp the stock in place; then you allow the saw to make its automatic horizontal cut in a sliding motion. The horizontal band saw applies cutting fluid from a sprayer, which helps keep the material cool and makes it easier to cut.
Horizontal band saws are commonly used to trim stock so that it's easier to store and can be used for later projects. These saws are also useful for fast cuts, and are designed to minimize waste. The horizontal saw is a useful tool for cutting materials into general shapes, while more precise equipment is used to refine the cuts. Specific blade types enable further precision.
Overall, the horizontal saw provides a safer, smoother, quieter cutting experience, as it's designed to be free of vibrations. Vertical saws have more safety risks due to the potential of kicking back stock during the cutting process. Horizontal band saws are widely used for manufacturing in the automotive, electronics, and woodworking industries. When using a horizontal band saw, you should still wear eye protection to avoid flying sparks.
Deciding on the type of saw for a project has a lot to do with the material being cut. Long wood, metal, or plastic can be easily handled by a horizontal saw. For more information about horizontal saws, blades and other cutting tools, contact Echols Saw and Supply at 602-278-2918.